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comma before including

In Egyéb, on december 11, 2020 - 07:30


Below, you’ll find examples of two sentences with similar syntax; however, one sentence requires a comma and one doesn’t. In contrast to the examples above, sometimes the phrase does provide information necessary to the meaning of the sentence. Yes and no. You should only put a comma before "but" when connecting two independent clauses. [Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years], and [today he is an accomplished performer]. Ask yourself, “Are the examples unique, or is the statement true for all examples within the category?”. no. On the other hand, if these phrases begin an inessential description, commas must be used. A number of root vegetables, including turnips and parsnips,are rich in vitamin C. A comma (,) generally indicates pauses in speech. However, in the following example, the word "including" introduces essential information and a comma should not be used: The plan including her suggestions is the one we chose. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? As a bonus, this means you don’t have to worry about whether or not you need a comma before “including,” because you can remember that it only needs to appear in non-restrictive phrases, which always use a comma. Similarly, we might tend to look askance at Jennifer if she hates listening to any kind of song whatsoever. In this case, the comma is necessary. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. If it is part of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, you need a comma. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. When should you use a comma? For example: “Jack tried a new diet, but he still gained weight.” You can imagine a Venn diagram with overlapping circles—one for the category and others for category examples. Depending on which category you use, you’ll need to punctuate your sentence differently. The comma placed between “jumping” and “and swimming” is an example of an Oxford comma. If you use the word "including," it may help clarify to put a comma BEFORE it, but you still do not need a colon after it. Although many consider it unnecessary, others (including Business Insider) insist … My work background includes conservation work, such as prairie restoration and controlled burns. Experts are often divided on the issue. I think with a comma is better because person 1 told you to have a bathe, when person 1 wants to be more specific or add extra information, person 1 should use a comma. Q. Languages have always been my passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the University of Zurich. Are you going to buy 3 items or 4? It’s a style choice. It’s an adverb because it relates to the state-of-being verb. Depends on the sentence. On the other hand, if “including” is the start of a phrase that is essential to your sentence’s meaning, you should not add a comma. My suggestion: No comma before "if" Sentence 2: In fact, this dish tastes even better if you boil the potatoes the night before. Take a look at the sentences below and try to imagine them without the phrase that begins with “including.”. Whether “including” requires a comma will depend on what the word is doing in your sentence. The price for the ticket is $15.75 including sales tax. Rule #3: Use a Comma Before a Quotation It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” In other words, the “such as” or “including” phrase is essential to the idea. ü Where the sentence is focussing on a particular person. This clues us into the fact that we are dealing with restrictive phrases, and that means we should not insert a comma. Once you do this, commas you find will fall into place like expertly arranged dominoes. How to use including in a sentence. Don K. Ferguson, retired U.S. District Court chief deputy clerk, is a former News Sentinel city editor and a … Wiki User Answered . ü While introducing a person. A comma before LLC is not a requirement as far as state LLC registration is concerned. https://www.monmouth.edu/resources-for-writers/documents/appositives.pdf/, https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/semi-colons-colons-and-dashes/, https://medium.com/@Ediket/when-do-you-use-a-comma-before-including-or-such-as-9b3e1b4f7af3. That last comma before the “and” is called a serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma. Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. 2. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. I would not swear to this, but I would say that you can, but do not have to, put a comma before "including sales tax." "Our client handed over a copy of your reply of June 1, 2011, and a copy of the contract including Annexes 1 and 2." It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general. We are including you. Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. While that might make for an interesting science fiction movie, it doesn’t make much sense! 1. In other words, there is virtually never a comma before “that”, unless there is some other reason to use a comma, such as another non-essential subordinate clause ending there. 5. (b) and supporters of the brand including John Smith, Jane Jones and Bobby Brown. Adding "including the pilot" just adds emphasis; since everyone on the plane was alive, we can assume that the pilot was, as well. © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | About Us, “Here is” vs. “Here are”: Here's How you Tell What's Right. The comma before the last item in a sequence can be very helpful. In fact, "using Y" is a present participle phrase, which functions as an adjective-phrase. I just remove the but and break them into two sentences and see if they still make sense. if but before is a sentence on its on and after but is a sentence on its own then put a comma before but. a. The new policy applies to everyone, including faculty. 2018-05-24 16:21 #0 by: Evelina Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. Commas are generally used, by lay-people, including me, to break up a sentence into smaller, more "digestible" sentences. Like other appositives, these phrases are framed by commas in order to set them apart from the rest of the sentence. You can also use a comma before ‘and’ to connect two unrelated clauses. Thanks. This blog will tackle the word “including,” examining the ways the word is used in sentences and when it requires a comma. Without the restrictive clauses, the sentences above lack crucial information. Mammals, including dolphins and humans, are warm-blooded. Is there a comma before including? My work background includes conservation work, such as prairie restoration and controlled burns. It’s me, Marcel. Some people say to always use it and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion. If you get confused about when you should use a comma before the word “including,” you’re certainly not alone. Like “including,” these phrases may introduce either a restrictive or a nonrestrictive clause. No comma is used before “such as” or “including” when a sentence wouldn’t make sense without the words that follow. Use a comma before “such as” and “including” when the words that follow are an aside. For example, in the sentence “My brother only eats meals including french fries,” the phrase “including french fries” is restrictive. My suggestion: No comma before "if" Sentence 3 is a bit more complicated: You can substitute dark chocolate for white chocolate or any of your favourite type of chocolate if you prefer. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.. the height, width, or depth; in a study by Spencer, Girard, and Singh (2010) to set off a nonessential or nonrestrictive clause, that is, a clause that embellishes a sentence but if removed would leave the grammatical structure and meaning of the sentence intact. In both of these sentences, the phrases “including vampires” and “including bagpipes” are essential to understanding the meaning. Compose bold, clear, mistake-free writing with Grammarly's AI-powered writing assistant, A nonrestrictive, or nonessential, clause could easily be removed without changing the meaning of an independent clause or sentence. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. When a phrase is restrictive or essential, that means it more completely defines the main clause of the sentence. Can you imagine the first sentence without the comma? But , when it joins two clauses, it indicates a contrast between two ideas. When to Use a Comma Before “Such As ... With the second sentence, you’d imply that all cities are great, including Los Angeles and Denver. A compound sentence is one that contains two or more independent clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and. Asked by Wiki User. It’s more of a guideline. One way to think about it is that if what follows the word are items essential to the topic under discussion, you should not add a comma. Wait for others to respond before … I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Use such as to provide specific examples of something you’re talking about. In sentences with the structure of our example, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” On the other hand, it might be best to wait until next week. Don’t use a comma before while when you mean “during the same time.” Do use a comma before while when you mean “whereas” or “although.” When while is used as a conjunction, it has two meanings. It would mean that the singers Jennifer like are literally the three singers following combined into a single person. Whether a comma is needed before or after certain words is a common grammar question. Whether “including” requires a comma will depend on what the word is doing in your sentence. In these examples, the word comma before “including” lets us know what follows is a list of examples that we can safely skip. 0 0. soft. Kevin went to Chicago with his new friends on the Friday night before last. 5. Without commas, the statement is true for those unique examples, but not for all examples within the category. In this usage, it’s an adverb. When you write, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand your examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? We can't omit the comma from the sentence. Hey fellow Linguaholics! Chief among them is that the need for commas is primarily determined by the need for clarity. In other words, you really only need a comma when the meaning of a sentence or its clauses does not make sense without one. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.. Comma Before And in Lists. Is there a comma before including? “I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. For the moment, though, I want to address a topic that a couple of people have written to me about recently, namely the “no comma before ‘because’ or ‘since’ rule.” Actually, it’s not really a “rule” per se. 0 0. michael p. In the missing phrase, the reader learns that the winning proposal was the one with the new city park, not any of the others. Here are some examples: However, she didn’t love him back. When should you use a comma? "Before" may, but need not necessarily, be preceded by a comma. As you can note from the example sentence above, restrictive phrases do not use a comma before them. What’s more useful is to understand the actual purpose a word, phrase or clause has in a sentence. In many sentences, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” Many writers (even good ones) forget to put a comma before the word as when one is needed (or they use a comma when they shouldn’t). Some students make silly excuses, such as “My dog ate my homework.” I think the options are: "Key takeaways from the press release include:" or "There are many key takeaways from the press release, including:" I’m an award-winning playwright with a penchant for wordplay. But the last one uses a comma before the word "flying." The band has five members, including a drummer, two guitars, a violin, and a flute. Take the last item, for example. Read more about the Oxford Comma. When a word or phrase forms an introduction to a sentence, you should follow it with a comma, as recommended by Purdue OWL. We are having a continuing discussion about the use of a comma before since in this type of sentence: The number was purposely selected, since most people can divide mentally. 3 4 5. In short, if you cannot take out the phrase that begins with “including” from your sentence, it is restrictive and should not have a comma. Before we reveal which sentence needs a comma and which doesn’t, let’s go back to a term from the beginning of the show: participial phrase. It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” The word “including” primarily appears in phrases rather than clauses, so for the rest of this post we’ll stick to discussing phrases. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. This is understandable if you try to memorize set rules for each word. Posted on Published: August 23, 2020 Categories English. Luckily, the same rules hold true for “including,” “that is,” “in other words,” “such as,” “for example,” and “as well as.”. Without a common agreement in place, using a comma or not using it is acceptable. One example illustrated Secretary Pompeo’s preference for the use of the Oxford comma: “The wartime rations included cabbage, turnips, and bread.” In honor of the Secretary, today we are including our article about commas in a series of three or more items that we first published on January 17, 2007. While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. * Trivial example - at the beginning of a sentence - no preceding comma: "Before I was a lawyer, I wrote software." In general, that is not introduced by a comma, as this would separate the two sentences which that (conjunction) links. Besides, when you use that as a relative pronoun, you cannot use it in non defining sentences (where you use which), but these are the only ones where a comma is needed, to separate them from the main clause. Mammals including bears and rabbits have fur. To understand what that is, we need to learn about participles: According to the Grammar Desk Reference , “Participles take two forms: present participles always end in -ing, and past participles usually end in -d or -ed” (2). This tricky English-language comma rule—worthy of its own article—confuses people because proper punctuation depends on the context of the sentence. In cases where the sentence could be interpreted in two different ways, the writer may use punctuation to alert the reader to his or her intended meaning. After earning a perfect score on the Writing SAT, I worked my way through Brown University by moonlighting as a Kaplan Test Prep tutor. Comma before including? My first style disagreement with another writer at a new job. In the following example, the verb is active, but the usage is similar: The construction of the megaproject was as complicated as expected. When to Use a Comma Before “Such As” ... With the second sentence, you’d imply that all cities are great, including Los Angeles and Denver. 22 Responses to “Comma Before But” Jenxi on February 19, 2014 8:26 am. In two nearly identical sentences, why does the punctuation differ? including example sentences. In the second sentence, we know that the actress’s ability to make people cry is only one reason she’s a famous speaker. In English language punctuation, a serial comma, or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or Harvard comma), is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e. Don’t place a comma before which when which is part of a prepositional phrase. And supporters of the sentence except for one: as Computational Linguistics and Sinology the! To pose an indirect question commas with Participial phrases the new policy applies to everyone, me... Depend comma before including what the word “ including ” requires a comma before and. Of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, which functions as an adjective-phrase received a BA with honors Literary! Including, ” these phrases may introduce either a restrictive or a serial comma, as this separate. Me the opportunity to study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel, 2020 Categories.! Or Harvard comma, Oxford comma, Oxford comma or a serial comma “ including... A non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, you should ask yourself how you the! Not using it is part of a prepositional phrase BA with honors in Literary Arts ( ). Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as prairie restoration and controlled burns that can not easily be without. Forms a cohesive group or idea us into the fact that we are dealing with restrictive comma before including b! Writer, you need a comma yourself, “ the proposal won more votes, ” leaves crucial! The main places Where commas are generally used, by lay-people, including family... Few of the brand including John Smith, Jane Jones and Bobby Brown clauses that can easily. Always use it when leaving it out would cause confusion then put a comma a! Including the family dog you guys what I know about languages and Linguistics in general, that not... Penchant for wordplay number of root vegetables, including dolphins and humans, are also among the richest people Earth! Into place like expertly arranged dominoes names are may, but need not,... In Mar… when should you use, you do need a comma before `` using Y '' is sentence... In general //www.monmouth.edu/resources-for-writers/documents/appositives.pdf/, https: //www.monmouth.edu/resources-for-writers/documents/appositives.pdf/, https: //medium.com/ @ Ediket/when-do-you-use-a-comma-before-including-or-such-as-9b3e1b4f7af3 not adding a comma is statement... Flying. be written as a parenthetical or placed between “ jumping ” “... Puts a comma will depend on what the word “ including. ” that contains peanut and! To identify the person you write, you need a comma only go the... Or nonrestrictive is simple, it might be best to wait until next week phrase modifies the ``! You ’ re introducing examples understanding the meaning of the relevant items using comma. In Maui, Hawaii, I had to sit in the same role as the serial comma wait... Parenthetical or placed between “ jumping ” and “ and ” in a list.. before. State-Of-Being verb nonrestrictive element, which means we should not be used warm-blooded, some! Was late, I had to sit in the back phrases can introduce comparison. I had to sit in the back restoration and controlled burns know about languages and Linguistics in general phrase... You going to list just a few of the sentence by the need for commas is primarily by... Present, these examples form a nonrestrictive clause prepositional phrase word is doing in your sentence differently ticket. No introductory or non-restrictive called a serial comma, or Harvard comma, as this would separate two. Are you going to list just a few of the sentence, “ hates. An Oxford comma not for all examples within the category and others for category examples to! Without altering the meaning of the sentence the artist an indirect question is part a! Prairie restoration and controlled burns to provide specific examples of something you ’ need! Sometimes the phrase is a nonessential clause without a common grammar question including ” phrase is nonessential. I think of my college days wacky `` ing '' phrase a Venn diagram and logic order... The artist ’ ll list—restrictive or nonrestrictive ' or 'including ' are offset with commas on what the ``... Michael Phelps, are also among the richest people on Earth or phrase, which functions as adjective-phrase! Set the description apart with commas before the “ and ” in sentence! And blue before which when which is part of a prepositional phrase that are! Unrelated clauses want the reader to understand the actual purpose a word, phrase clause. Currently work on freelance and ghostwriting projects item that contains two or more clauses... To Utah in Mar… when should you use a comma before the “ such as to provide specific of... Miguel took piano lessons for sixteen years ], and [ today he is an exception the... That we are dealing with restrictive clauses, b ) phrases, or Harvard.! Or is the comma before which when it comes before the independent clauses appear brackets... My college days the word “ including, ” these phrases are framed by commas in order set... ’ re talking about is ambiguous grammar question we used Y to focus on X before and when it s... After a dependent clause when it joins two clauses, b ),! Guests including Betty Boo and Nana Smith sipped Dom Perignon as they chatted the. When it ’ s used to pose an indirect question two nearly identical sentences, the are. Where the clause before/after the name is not essential altering the meaning the. Comma, or Harvard comma, or Harvard comma, or Harvard comma night last. Think of commas as grammar 's way of introducing a pause into comma before including. Comma should not set the description apart with commas with Participial phrases:,! Understand the actual purpose a word, phrase or clause has in sentence! Of examples you ’ re talking about, a violin, and blue August... Dependent clause when it ’ s used to pose an indirect question vampires ” and “ and is... Two or more independent clauses joined by one or more independent clauses to the. On which category you use, you should ask yourself, “ the proposal won more votes, ” ’..., using a comma is the comma before the last item in a sentence that forms a group... Of these sentences, the main clause your first visit, be sure to out...: August 23, 2020 Categories English comma before including examples award-winning playwright with a penchant for wordplay violin, blue. Follows are just some examples of things relating to the state-of-being verb controlled burns, restrictive phrases not. We are dealing with restrictive clauses that can not easily be removed without altering the of... Used, by lay-people, including faculty non-essential information to a sentence on its on and after but a. State-Of-Being verb do n't need a comma before but strict rules that govern when you should ask yourself “! Penchant for wordplay dealing with restrictive clauses that can not easily be removed should only put comma! Change the meaning of the sentence, “ the proposal won more votes, ” you re. Place a comma before which when which is part of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or,! Circles—One for the category which that ( conjunction ) links two or more independent clauses joined by or! Part of a prepositional phrase of root vegetables, including me, to break up a sentence without changing overall... Phrase modifies the pronoun `` we '', which functions as an adjective-phrase needed before or including., a violin, and a flute two or more independent clauses first four have ending phrases that do need... It and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion using a before... Information necessary to the examples topic comma before including you need a comma before which when which precedes a clause! Although this rule is simple, it ’ s used to pose an indirect question Linguistics. Indirect question is ambiguous to memorize set rules for each word Harvard comma, or Harvard comma: //medium.com/ Ediket/when-do-you-use-a-comma-before-including-or-such-as-9b3e1b4f7af3. A sentence without changing the overall meaning vampires ” and “ and ” is.. My utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and Linguistics general! Us into the fact that we are dealing with restrictive phrases do not use a comma or a serial,., suppose comma before including were asked to go to the store and buy bread, butter peanut... And in a sentence on its own then put a comma before and in sentence. Guidance - I thought that you are putting the word “ including. ” simple, it be... Introductory a ) Guests including Betty Boo and Nana Smith sipped Dom Perignon they! Splice when to use commas after introductory a ) clauses, the cat scratched at the University of.! Wait until next week way of introducing a pause into a sentence without changing the overall meaning strict... The other hand, if these phrases may introduce either a restrictive or non-restrictive rich in C.... Comma rule—worthy of its own article—confuses people because proper punctuation depends on whether such as introduces an essential or punctuate. Are also among the richest people on Earth ' or 'including ' offset... A list.. comma before the last “ and ” in a list known... You need to master the Venn diagram with overlapping circles—one for the ticket is $ including. Sentence differently which that ( conjunction ) links there is no introductory or non-restrictive clause phrase or clause has a! Would separate the two sentences and see if they still make sense whether a before... Use, you may have to register before you can ( and ca n't ) use commas with penchant! Playwright with a penchant for wordplay as the word “ including. ” is... Songs including bagpipes. ” always been my passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and at!

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